A Seven Year Agreement Involving Jerusalem And The Jewish People
3-1/2 Years of Tribulation And 3-1/2 Years of Great Tribulation
The Seventy Week Prophecy In Daniel 9
The Date of The Crucifixion of Jesus
The Seventy Week Prophecy In Daniel 9
Seventy 'Sevens' Are Decreed For Your People, The Jews, And Your Holy City, Jerusalem
24 “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy.
The 69 'Sevens' Began With The Issuing of The Decree By The Persian King Artaxerxes 3/05/444 BC (Neh. 2:5-8)
It Ended When Messiah Entered Jerusalem As Messiah 3/30/33 AD (Sunday, Nisan 10)
69 X 7 X 360 = 173,880 Days
25 “Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem
until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’
It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.
Messiah Was Cut Off (Crucified) During The Roman Period (Thursday 33 AD, Nisan 14)
26 “After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing.
Jerusalem And The Temple Were Destroyed In 70 AD By The People of The Ruler Who Will Come
“The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.
There is a break from 70 AD until the ruler confirms a seven year covenant concerning Jerusalem.
There is a break in the prophecies of the statue and the beast with seven heads from 70 AD until 1948.
There Will Be A Seven Year Covenant involving Jerusalem And The Jewish People During The 70th 'Seven'
2,520 DAYS (7 X 360)
27 “He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.” - Dan. 9:24-27 NIV
The Break Between The 69th And 70th 'Seven' Also Takes Place In The Kingdom Prophecies of The Statue And The Beast
It is important to realize that the break between the 69th 'seven' in 70 AD and the 70th 'seven' also takes place in the prophecies of the statue (Daniel 2) and the beast with 10 horns (Dan. 7, Rev. 12,13,17). They all agree or synchronize with each other. The prophecy about the statue in Daniel 2 revolves around Jews and Jerusalem.
Refer to "The Bible Knowledge Commentary" for the dates in Daniel 9.
The Prophecy In Daniel 9 Concerns Jews And Jerusalem
Daniel was taken to Babylon with the first group of captives from Jerusalem. In the prophecy in Daniel 9 concerning the Jews and Jerusalem. The word translated as "weeks" that is used in most translations refers to 'sevens' of years (70 x 7 = 490).
A month has 30 days and a year has 360 days in the prophecies of Daniel. So there are 176,400 days in the prophecy (360 x 7 x 70).
The Messiah Will Be Cut Off (Crucified)
After the sixty-nine sevens the Messiah, the Anointed One, will be cut off (crucified). On the Jewish calendar a day began at sundown and continued until the following sundown. On the Gregorian calendar that we use, a day begins at midnight - in the middle of the night. Jesus ate the Passover meal at sundown on Wednesday 4/01/33 (Nisan 14), was arrested that evening, and then crucified Thursday afternoon on 4/02/33 - all on Nisan 14.
The Gregorian calendar that we use today divides the night between two different calendar days - one day ends at midnight and the following day begins after midnight. That causes a Jewish day to be on two different days on the Gregorian calendar.
He was resurrected early Sunday morning Nisan 17 (April 4, 33 AD). The following table may make this clearer.
The Last Seven Years of The Prophecy
The Seventieth Week Jerusalem Agreement Will Be Confirmed
There will be a seven year covenant or interim agreement that involves "your holy city", Jerusalem, and "your people", the Jewish people (Dan. 9:24). The man of lawlessness (ruler, prince) will confirm the seven year Jerusalem agreement (Dan. 9:27). In the middle of the seven years he will set up the abomination of desolation (Dan. 9:27, 12:11-12). Jesus said that when you see the abomination of desolation standing in the holy place, then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains for then there will be great tribulation (Matt. 24:15-21, Rev. 12:6,14).
Great tribulation (day of the Lord?) takes place during the last 3-1/2 years of the Jerusalem covenant (Matt. 24:15-21).
In Revelation 12:7-12 Satan is thrown to the earth probably in the middle of the seven year Jerusalem agreement (Rev. 13:3-5). The temple mount will be shared during this period (Rev. 11:1-3). Satan, the beast (man of lawlessness), and the false prophet will be operating during this 3-1/2 year period (Rev. 13, 19:20-21, 20:1-3). The last 3-1/2 years, the great tribulation, very likely is the day of the Lord - a time of wrath.
Immediately after the tribulation of those days Jesus Christ will return to gather His elect - the rapture (Matt. 24:15-22).
The gathering (rapture) is tied with the day of the Lord - a time of the wrath of God ( 2 Thess. 2:1-4). So the rapture apparently takes place near the beginning of the great tribulation that lasts for the last 3-1/2 years of the Jerusalem covenant.
The Return of Christ
The return of Christ, when He returns to rule the earth, will take place at the end of the seven year covenant or interim agreement concerning Jerusalem and the Jewish people (Rev. 19:11-21).
The Date of The Crucifixion of Jesus
JEWISH CALENDAR EVENTS DURING PASSOVER
Seven Days In The Month of Nisan
Night On The Gregorian Calendar Is Divided Between Two Dates
Night And The Following Day Are One Date On The Jewish Calendar
Jesus departed from the temple and He spoke to the disciples on the Mount of Olives (Matt. 24:1-3).
After the discourse He told them that the Passover would be after two days and the Son of Man would be
handed over to be crucified (Matt. 26:1-2).
Jesus spent three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (Matt. 12:40).
40 "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." - Matt. 12:40 NKJV
Another way of looking at the time Jesus spent three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Remember that a Jewish day began and twilight (beginning to get dark) and continue until the following twilight.
Day Jesus was crucified during the day on what we call Thursday
Night Jesus arose early Sunday morning during darkness.
This is the beginning of the Jewish day on their calendar. On the Gregorian calendar that we use today, our days begin in the middle of the night.
Three Days & Three Nights
The verses in Matthew 21-27 show the days from when Jesus entered Jerusalem as their King until when He was crucified. Matthew 28 shows that His resurrection took place the day after the Sabbath. The Sabbath was the seventh day, Saturday on the Gregorian calendar. The day after the seventh day was the first day - Sunday on the Gregorian calendar. Jesus arose on Sunday before dawn. So all the days from Sunday to the following Sunday can be accounted for.
The dates for the days in this week can be determined because we know that the Passover meal was celebrated on the 14th day of the first month (Levi. 23:5, Ex. 12:1-6). The first month is Nisan (Mar/Apr) on the Hebrew religious calendar, and a Jewish day is from twilight to the following twilight. On Nisan 14 Jesus ate the Passover meal at twilight and then was arrested after dark. On the following day, still Nisan 14, Jesus was crucified on Thursday on the Gregorian calendar. That would make the date of His crucifixion April 02, 33 AD.
The Hebrew calendar was based on observations of the moon before 380 CD (380 AD). Also before October 15, 1582 the Julian calendar was in use.
12 But what I do, I will also continue to do, that I may cut off the opportunity from those who desire an opportunity to be regarded just as we are in the things of which they boast. 13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into apostles of Christ. 14 And no wonder! For Satan himself transforms himself into an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also transform themselves into ministers of righteousness, whose end will be according to their works. - 2 Cor. 11:12-15 NKJV
Only One Gospel
6 I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel, 7 which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed.
10 For do I now persuade men, or God? Or do I seek to please men? For if I still pleased men, I would not be a bondservant of Christ. - Galatians 1:6-10 NKJV