Flag of Israel
They, the iron (EU) and clay (UN), combine in the seed of men
(the divided kingdom) - the last secular kingdom.
41 “In that you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, it will be a divided kingdom; but it will have in it the toughness of iron, inasmuch as you saw the iron mixed with common clay.
42 “As the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of pottery, so some of the kingdom will be strong and part of it will be brittle.
43 “And in that you saw the iron mixed with common clay, they will combine with one another in the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, even as iron does not combine with pottery. - Dan. 2:41-43 NASB
A Seven Year Agreement Involving Jerusalem And The Jewish People
3-1/2 Years of Tribulation And 3-1/2 Years of Great Tribulation
The Seventy Week Prophecy In Daniel 9
The Seventy Week Prophecy Concerning Jews And Jerusalem
Seventy 'Sevens' Are Decreed For Your People, The Jews, And Your Holy City, Jerusalem
24 “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy.
The 69 'Sevens' Began With The Issuing of The Decree By The Persian King Artaxerxes 3/05/444 BC (Neh. 2:5-8)
It Ended When Messiah Entered Jerusalem As Messiah 3/30/33 AD (Sunday, Nisan 10)
69 X 7 X 360 = 173,880 Days
25 “Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem
until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’
It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.
Messiah Was Cut Off (Crucified) During The Roman Period (Thursday 33 AD, Nisan 14)
26 “After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing.
Jerusalem And The Temple Were Destroyed In 70 AD By The People of The Ruler Who Will Come
“The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.
There is a break from 70 AD until the ruler confirms a seven year covenant concerning Jerusalem.
The Seventieth Week (Seven Years, 7 x 360 = 2,520 Days)
The Seven Year Covenant involving Jerusalem And The Jewish People
The Ruler Who Will Come (Antichrist) Will Set Up The Abomination of Desolation In The Middle of The Seven Years
27 “He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.” - Dan. 9:24-27 NIV
From The Time The Daily Sacrifice Is Abolished And The Abomination Is Set Up There Will Be 1,290 Days.
11 “From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days. 12 Blessed is the one who waits for and reaches the end of the 1,335 days. - Dan. 12.11-12 NIV
The Prophecy In Daniel Uses 30 Day Months and 360 Day Years
Daniel was taken to Babylon with the first group of captives from Jerusalem. In the prophecy in Daniel 9 concerning the Jews and Jerusalem. The word translated as "weeks" that is used in most translations refers to 'sevens' of years (70 x 7 = 490).
A month has 30 days and a year has 360 days in the prophecies of Daniel. So there are 176,400 days in the prophecy (360 x 7 x 70).
The Break In The 70 Week Prophecy In Daniel 9 And The Break In The Kingdom Prophecies
A break takes place during the 70 weeks (70 sevens) of Daniel 9 between the 69th 'seven' in 33 AD when Jesus entered Jerusalem as Messiah on Palm Sunday and the 70th seven when the seven year Jerusalem covenant begins. The Jerusalem covenant has not begun yet.
A break takes place in the kingdom prophecies of the statue in Daniel 2 and the beast with seven heads from 70 AD when Jerusalem was taken until 1948 when Israel began. The fist part of the last secular kingdom, the UN, began in 1945 and was already in place when Israel became a nation in 1948.
Refer to "The Bible Knowledge Commentary" for the dates in Daniel 9.
The Last Seven Years of The Prophecy
The Seventieth Week Jerusalem Agreement Will Be Confirmed
There will be a seven year covenant or interim agreement that involves "your holy city", Jerusalem, and "your people", the Jewish people (Dan. 9:24). The man of lawlessness (ruler, prince) will confirm the seven year Jerusalem agreement (Dan. 9:27). In the middle of the seven years he will set up the abomination of desolation (Dan. 9:27, 12:11-12). Jesus said that when you see the abomination of desolation standing in the holy place, then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains for then there will be great tribulation (Matt. 24:15-21, Rev. 12:6,14).
The People of The Prince To Come (Antichrist) Will Destroy The City (Jerusalem)
In verse 9:26 it says that the people of the ruler to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The "ruler to come" is the antichrist, the one who confirms the covenant. The people who destroyed Jerusalem and the sanctuary were soldiers from Rome, Syria, Arabia, Achaia (Greece). in Daniel 8:23-25 it speaks about a king from the kingdom of Greece.
The Greek Empire was divided into four parts (Dan. 8:22):
To Ptolemy was given Egypt and parts of Asia Minor.
Cassander was given the territory of Macedonia and Greece.
Lysimachus was given Thrace and parts of Asia Minor (western Bithynia, Phrygia, Mycia, and Lydia).
Seleucus was given the remainder of Alexander’s empire which included Syria, Israel, and Mesopotamia. ( The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures (Vol. 1, pp. 1357–1358). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.)
So the antichrist could come from any of these areas that had military troops that were part of the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. Remember that he will probably show up in the UN Securi[ty Council among the 10 rotating members.
Nero assigned Vespasian to the care of the East, and Vespasian was sent to take command of the armies in Syria. Vespasian had his son Titus in Achaia in Greece to bring the fifth and tenth legions. See "Josephus", War of The Jews, Book III.
Great tribulation (day of the Lord?) takes place during the last 3-1/2 years of the Jerusalem covenant (Matt. 24:15-21).
In Revelation 12:7-12 Satan is thrown to the earth probably in the middle of the seven year Jerusalem agreement (Rev. 13:3-5). The temple mount will be shared during this period (Rev. 11:1-3). Satan, the beast (man of lawlessness), and the false prophet will be operating during this 3-1/2 year period (Rev. 13, 19:11-21, 20:1-3). The last 3-1/2 years, the great tribulation, very likely is the day of the Lord - a time of wrath.
Immediately after the tribulation of those days Jesus Christ will return to gather His elect - the rapture (Matt. 24:15-22).
The gathering (rapture) is tied with the day of the Lord - a time of the wrath of God ( 2 Thess. 2:1-4). The rapture takes place near the end of the great tribulation that takes place during the last 3-1/2 years of the Jerusalem covenant.
The Gathering And The Second Coming
Seven Seals - Seven Trumpets - Seven Bowls
Sixth Bowl: Euphrates Dried Up - The Gathering At Armageddon - Jesus Warns That He Is Coming
12 Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.
15 “Behold, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked and they see his shame.”
16 And they gathered them together to the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon.- Rev. 16:12-16 NKJV
It is very revealing that it is during the sixth bowl, with only the seventh bowl remaining, that Jesus warns that he is coming. This warning is for the gathering or rapture. The people on the earth know that Jesus is coming at the second coming and armies are waiting to fight Him (Rev. 19:17-21).
The Gathering - The Rapture
There Will Be Great Tribulation After You See The Abomination of Desolation Standing In The Holy Place
15 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand), 16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 17 Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house. 18 And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes. 19 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! 20 And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be. 22 And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened."
False Christs And False Prophets Will Show Great Signs And Wonders To Deceive The Elect If Possible
23 “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There!’ do not believe it. 24 For false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. 25 See, I have told you beforehand.
26 Therefore if they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert!’ do not go out; or ‘Look, He is in the inner rooms!’ do not believe it." - Matt. 24:23-26 NKJV
The Gathering (Rapture) Takes Place After The Tribulation of Those Days
All The Tribes of The Earth Mourn
27 For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 28 For wherever the carcass is, there the eagles will be gathered together.
29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other." - Matt. 24:15-31 NKJV
The Marriage Supper of The Lamb - The Harlot City Babylon Was Burned - The Seventh Bowl
The Harlot City Babylon Was Burned
1 After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying,
“Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God; 2 BECAUSE HIS JUDGMENTS ARE TRUE AND RIGHTEOUS; for He has judged the great harlot who was corrupting the earth with her immorality, and HE HAS AVENGED THE BLOOD OF HIS BOND-SERVANTS ON HER.” 3 And a second time they said, “Hallelujah! HER SMOKE RISES UP FOREVER AND EVER.” 4 And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who sits on the throne saying, “Amen. Hallelujah!” 5 And a voice came from the throne, saying,
“Give praise to our God, all you His bond-servants, you who fear Him, the small and the great.” 6 Then I heard something like the voice of a great multitude and like the sound of many waters and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying,
“Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns.
The Marriage Supper of The Lamb
7 “Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride has made herself ready.” 8 It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
9 Then he said to me, “Write, ‘Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.’ ” - Rev. 19:1-9 NASB
The Seventh Bowl
The Greatest Earthquake Since Men Was On The Earth
The Great City, Jerusalem, Was Divided Into Three Parts And The Cities of The Nations Fell
Babylon Received The Wrath of God, Every Mountain Fled Away, The Mountains Were Not Found
Great Hail Fell From Heaven, Men Blasphemed God Because of The Hail
17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18 And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. 19 Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. 20 Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great. - Rev. 16:17-21 NKJV
The Second Coming
Christ On A White Horse
11 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. 12 His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. 13 He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. 15 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written:
KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS
Birds Are Gathered To Eat The Flesh of Men And Horses
17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven, “Come and gather together for the supper of the great God, 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great.”
Armies Are Gathered To Fight Against Jesus
19 And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. 20 Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh. - Rev. 19:11-21 NKJV
The Temple of God
The Court Outside The Third Temple Will Be Given To The Gentiles
The Gentiles Will Tread Jerusalem Underfoot For 3-1/2 Years
The Two Witnesses
Then I was given a reed like a measuring rod. And the angel stood, saying, “Rise and measure the temple of God, the altar, and those who worship there. 2 But leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the Gentiles. And they will tread the holy city underfoot for forty-two months. 3 And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.”
4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands standing before the God of the earth. 5 And if anyone wants to harm them, fire proceeds from their mouth and devours their enemies. And if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this manner. 6 These have power to shut heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy; and they have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to strike the earth with all plagues, as often as they desire.
The Witnesses Killed
7 When they finish their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit will make war against them, overcome them, and kill them. 8 And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. 9 Then those from the peoples, tribes, tongues, and nations will see their dead bodies three-and-a-half days, and not allow their dead bodies to be put into graves. 10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them, make merry, and send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.
The Witnesses Resurrected
11 Now after the three-and-a-half days the breath of life from God entered them, and they stood on their feet, and great fear fell on those who saw them. 12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” And they ascended to heaven in a cloud, and their enemies saw them. 13 In the same hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell. In the earthquake seven thousand people were killed, and the rest were afraid and gave glory to the God of heaven.
14 The second woe is past. Behold, the third woe is coming quickly. - Rev. 11:1-14 NKJV
It is interesting to know that the gentiles will be given the court outside the third temple and they will tread Jerusalem for 42 months (3-1/2 years). This apparently takes place during the seven year Jerusalem covenant.
The Date of The Crucifixion of Jesus
The Messiah Will Be Cut Off (Crucified)
After the sixty-nine sevens the Messiah, the Anointed One, will be cut off (crucified). On the Jewish calendar a day began at sundown and continued until the following sundown. On the Gregorian calendar that we use, a day begins at midnight - in the middle of the night. Jesus ate the Passover meal at sundown on Wednesday 4/01/33 (Nisan 14), was arrested that evening, and then crucified Thursday afternoon on 4/02/33 - all on Nisan 14.
The Gregorian calendar that we use today divides the night between two different calendar days - one day ends at midnight and the following day begins after midnight. That causes a Jewish day to be on two different days on the Gregorian calendar.
He was resurrected early Sunday morning Nisan 17 (April 4, 33 AD). The following table may make this clearer.
JEWISH CALENDAR EVENTS DURING PASSOVER
Seven Days In The Month of Nisan
Night On The Gregorian Calendar Is Divided Between Two Dates
Night And The Following Day Are One Date On The Jewish Calendar
Jesus departed from the temple and He spoke to the disciples on the Mount of Olives (Matt. 24:1-3).
After the discourse He told them that the Passover would be after two days and the Son of Man would be
handed over to be crucified (Matt. 26:1-2).
Jesus spent three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (Matt. 12:40).
40 "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." - Matt. 12:40 NKJV
Another way of looking at the time Jesus spent three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Remember that a Jewish day began and twilight (beginning to get dark) and continue until the following twilight.
Day Jesus was crucified during the day on what we call Thursday
Night Jesus arose early Sunday morning during darkness.
This is the beginning of the Jewish day on their calendar. On the Gregorian calendar that we use today, our days begin in the middle of the night.
Three Days & Three Nights
The verses in Matthew 21-27 show the days from when Jesus entered Jerusalem as their King until when He was crucified. Matthew 28 shows that His resurrection took place the day after the Sabbath. The Sabbath was the seventh day, Saturday on the Gregorian calendar. The day after the seventh day was the first day - Sunday on the Gregorian calendar. Jesus arose on Sunday before dawn. So all the days from Sunday to the following Sunday can be accounted for.
The dates for the days in this week can be determined because we know that the Passover meal was celebrated on the 14th day of the first month (Levi. 23:5, Ex. 12:1-6). The first month is Nisan (Mar/Apr) on the Hebrew religious calendar, and a Jewish day is from twilight to the following twilight. On Nisan 14 Jesus ate the Passover meal at twilight and then was arrested after dark. On the following day, still Nisan 14, Jesus was crucified on Thursday on the Gregorian calendar. That would make the date of His crucifixion April 02, 33 AD.
The Hebrew calendar was based on observations of the moon before 380 CD (380 AD). Also before October 15, 1582 the Julian calendar was in use.